According to the Voice of the Economy, "World Finance" reported that at the invitation of President Xi Jinping, German President Joachim Gokke will pay a state visit to China from March 20th to 24th. In the two days since the news came out, the concept of "Industry 4.0" was heated up in the capital market because some analysts believe that Sino-German is expected to strengthen Industry 4.0 cooperation during the visit.
China and Germany will promote real cooperation in manufacturing business
For this judgment, Zhao Junjie, a researcher at the European Institute of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, agreed that he believes that Gao Ke's visit to China will help China and Germany to promote pragmatic cooperation in manufacturing.
Zhao Junjie: After Germany blew the horn of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, last year, under the impetus of Premier Li Keqiang, China also introduced the development strategy of "Made in China 2025". I think there are many places in the German Industry 4.0 that are compatible with the content. There is an intersection. Therefore, this time President Gao Ke visited, I believe that in the industrial revolution, China and Germany will have some specific measures, including the establishment of a broader research and development platform, including personnel exchanges, participation in joint research and development, etc. .
In October last year, German Chancellor Angela Merkel paid an official visit to China, and "innovation" became an important issue in the dialogue between the two countries. The relevant organizations of the two sides also clearly use Northeast China as an important cooperation base to support the enterprises of both sides to participate in the construction of Sino-German (Shenyang) equipment manufacturing industrial park, and to build a platform for cooperation between China Manufacturing 2025 and German Industry 4.0.
Developing smart manufacturing has a point of convergence
Then, in what areas can "China Made 2025" and German "Industry 4.0" be docked? The German concept of "Industry 4.0" believes that the Internet of Things and manufacturing services have announced the arrival of the fourth industrial revolution. Taking "Internet +" as the core and promoting the in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization is also the main line for promoting "Made in China 2025". Chen Yao, a researcher at the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that the general direction of the development of smart manufacturing is the same.
Chen Yao: The general direction is the same, that is, to achieve intelligent manufacturing, there are ten areas in specific directions, and Germany has some advantages in many aspects. Including high-end equipment manufacturing, robotics, next-generation information technology, new energy, new materials, etc., there is a need for cooperation.
The transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry is also the meaning of the new economic problem
"Internet +" has been incorporated into China's national strategy since 2015. After more than a year of development, it has promoted the deep integration of traditional industries and the Internet, creating new products, new technologies and new models, bringing new development to entrepreneurs. Opportunities have also brought about tremendous changes in people's lifestyles. In the next 10 years, it is expected that only the industrial Internet will bring about a GDP increase of more than 6 trillion yuan.
This year's "Government Work Report" also proposed an upgraded version of "Internet +" - "new economy." When Premier Li Keqiang personally explained the meaning of the "new economy", he clearly stated:
Li Keqiang: The coverage and connotation of the "new economy" is very extensive, involving the first, second and third industries, not only the emerging industries and formats such as "Internet +", Internet of Things, cloud computing, e-commerce, etc. Intelligent manufacturing, large-scale customized production, etc. in industrial manufacturing.
The development of the "new economy" is to cultivate new kinetic energy, promote China's economic transformation, and transform and upgrade the manufacturing industry. It is also the meaning of the title.
The contradiction between supply and demand is the pain point of Chinese manufacturing
Having said that, we should look at a set of data: In the past four years, China's residents' overseas consumption has grown at an average annual rate of more than 25%. Last year, China bought 46% of the world's luxury goods. Behind this set of data is the pain point of China's manufacturing industry - production and consumption face serious supply and demand contradictions, one side is the serious excess of low-end supply, and the other side is that middle and high-end demand is not met.
Learn from the United States, innovate, and refine the Japanese
Then, in the process of developing from a big manufacturing country to a manufacturing powerhouse, what can we learn from Germany, Japan, and the United States, which are the first countries in the world's manufacturing industry?
Chen Yao, a researcher at the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that innovation should be learned from the United States, and that intelligence and refinement should be learned from Germany and Japan.
Chen Yao: The advantage of the United States is mainly in the field of research and development. The core technology is basically controlled in the hands of the United States. From the perspective of products, the manufacturing capabilities of Germany and Japan and the level of refinement of products are relatively high. And many of our products, materials are very good, the process is also OK, is refined, and the gap between Germany and Japan is still very large.
Wu Bofan suggested to restore the craftsman tradition
Referring to the refinement of products, financial commentator Wu Bofan reminded that Chinese manufacturing should restore the craftsman tradition.
Wu Bofan: The older the more valuable, the long time passed in China. The manufacturing workers in Dongguan, Shenzhen, feel very old when they are 21 years old. It is a rough processing. It is impossible to talk about upgrading. Going to Germany, Switzerland and Japan to see, his tradition has been alive. Like Japan's lifelong employment sequence, the tacit knowledge in manufacturing, the skills that are precipitated in time, and even wisdom can be passed down. Only under such a premise can China's manufacturing be comparable to that of others.
"Internet +" to create intelligence
To achieve intelligent manufacturing, financial commentator Wu Xiaobo believes that the transformation and upgrading of enterprises lies in "Internet +".
Wu Xiaobo: Every enterprise, whether it is selling flowers, making jeans, making cars or making beverages, must use information technology to transform every process within the enterprise. Second, use information technology to transform enterprises and consumers. The relationship between this is a process of reinvention. The so-called upgrade refers to the rational consumption of the middle class, can we provide them with suitable goods?
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