An incandescent lamp can't sell for 10 yuan in the wholesale market. An energy-saving lamp can sell for dozens of yuan, but an LED lamp can be sold to Japan at a high price of 270 yuan. This is happening in Luo Village. The latest story in a street in Nanhai, Foshan.
Known as the "third lighting revolution" after fire and electric lights, this kind of lamp is the most energy-saving and environmentally friendly lamp.
Luo Cun Street Office Economic Development Office, any of Yu Congâ€™s drawers, has such an LED light. â€œDo you know how long it took for our village enterprises to make this? 8 months!â€ The young man did not hide his pride and pride.
Just three years ago, the pillar industry in this small village was still traditional glass and ceramics. Now, they are trying to climb the express train of this lighting revolution and really rush to the forefront of the world trend.
"Wild grass" that came out unexpectedly
Economic power that grows up in the private sector, like wild grass, is sensitive and tenacious. The new LED industry is the latest in the South China Sea, where every 12 people own a company's land, sparkling with the stars of private capital.
In 1984, when the localities were still arguing over the relationship between the number of employed workers and the exploitation, the South China Sea broke through the ideological imprisonment and made â€œthree major industries development, six wheels (towns, communes, villages, production teams, individuals, joint ventures). ) A bold decision to turn together, and declared in the public document to support the development of "non-public economy." This greatly mobilized the enthusiasm of the people. Subsequently, a large number of family-owned hardware factories, smelters, ceramic factories, textile factories, etc. in the South China Sea emerged like wild grasses. This grassroots economic power that has grown up in the private sector has made the South China Sea a first-mover advantage in the past 30 years of development. The South China Sea has thus become one of the â€œGuangdong Four Little Tigersâ€, which is also known as Shunde, Dongguan and Zhongshan.
The new LED industry is a new "wild grass".
As early as the 1970s and 1980s, Nanhai began to produce electric light sources. A few years ago, with the invention and application of LED technology, these enterprises that used to be light sources have relied on the sensitive instinct that they have worked hard in the market for many years. Direction change. Just like the development of other industries 30 years ago, a new industrial chain has also formed spontaneously in the South China Sea. Taking Luocun, the production base of traditional light sources, as an example, there are more than a dozen professional towns around it, and it also spontaneously forms a matching. Originally made of hardware, turn to LED light cups, lampshades; do aluminum, then transform into LED new material development.
However, although it is a new high-tech industry, it is still an old story, and most companies stay in the most profitable package of the industry chain. However, the emergence of leading companies has changed the evolution of the story. The Zhaoxin Group, which started from a female tailor, opened a shoe factory, a toy factory, and made lighting and electronics. Around 2005, the seamstress and scientists began to work together, and Zhaoxin cooperated with Huazhong University of Science and Technology to research and produce high-power LED packaging projects.
In January of this year, the first domestic semiconductor lighting chip core equipment independently developed and manufactured by Zhaoxin Group was successfully launched. This kind of equipment is the core technology in the LED industry chain, and has been monopolized by the United States, Germany, and Japan. This means that the long-term domestic dependence on imported LED chip manufacturing equipment has been broken. This new industry chain is increasingly spectacular. Chen Jianbin, deputy director of the Nanhai District Science and Technology Information Bureau, lamented, "Itâ€™s just like coming out from the underground 'long'."
This means that the most important short board of the South China Sea LED industry chain will be added. "This is very likely to become a historic moment affecting the development of China's semiconductor lighting industry." The sensitivity of the open years of development has enabled the government to capture new changes in the market. Chen Jianbin said that they are looking around for new industries, and the emergence of LEDs has made the government "give up". The words are pointed out. The South China Sea has the glory of the "South China Sea Model", but it also bears the trauma accumulated in the early days of industrialization. The South China Sea, which took the lead in development, also took the lead in carrying out the "three sins" of "high investment, heavy pollution, and low technical content."
Under the pressure of energy conservation and emission reduction, large-scale rectification actions have been launched. In order to meet the standards, the Nanhai District Environmental Protection Bureau was even forced to open the country first, "invented" with the financial, taxation and other departments to jointly issue a yellow card warning for polluting enterprises, set up environmental testing substations in various towns and streets, and establish an environmental credit system. Up to now, all the ceramic factories in Luocun and nearly 70% of the glass enterprises have disappeared, and the "cage" has almost vacated. At the same time as the iron fists were used to control the pollution, a "bird" action was quietly carried out within the government.
It seems as if an LED is falling from the sky.
The Chinese semiconductor lighting technology called "Light Emitting Diode" is known as the "third lighting revolution" after the fire and electric lights with its advantages of high power, high brightness and more than 70% power saving of ordinary lamps. Since the development of the LED industry not only has a strategic driving effect on the lighting and semiconductor industries, but also triggers technological changes in a series of terminal consumer products such as home appliances, automobiles, and mobile phones, the major countries in the world have highly recognized and paid attention to the LED industry. Guangdong also listed it as one of the most important strategic emerging industries in Guangdong.
â€œThere is no place that is more suitable for the development of this industry than the South China Sea,â€ said Chen Jianbin. â€œThose towns such as hardware, molds, and aluminum can â€œslap upâ€ this industrial chain and achieve local upgrades.â€
The government decided to "push" this industry.
In the survey, they found that although this industry has grown in the private sector, it mainly occupies the packaging detection and application links downstream of the industrial chain. The upstream substrate preparation, epitaxial production and chip preparation are rarely involved. These cores are rarely involved. The technology in the field is monopolized by a few multinational corporations.
At the beginning of 2009, the province heard that the only company in the world that can mass produce metal-based vertical structure chips - the United States' SemiLEDs are looking for distribution points in the country, and quickly follow up. Chen revealed that the other boss came four or five times. Every time, the government received the highest specifications. At the crucial moment, the governor personally came forward. At that time, they had many opponents, and many of them had a long triangle in the LED industry. . It is difficult to know exactly the specific circumstances of the negotiations, but the final result is that the other side chose the South China Sea, and the United States and several local companies jointly established a new company. This year's Spring Festival, the foundation of the new project. This is the first time that the core technology of foreign LED chip production has entered China.
This means that the most important short board of the South China Sea LED industry chain will be added. Li Jintao, chairman of the National Semiconductor Lighting Engineering R&D and Industry Alliance and director of the Institute of Semiconductors of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, commented, "This is very likely to become a historic moment affecting the development of China's semiconductor lighting industry."
"Moving the tree home"
In 2003, Nanhai began to change the original practice of purely developing the private economy, entered the era of attracting investment, and fully promoted the strategy of attracting foreign investment. The politicians called it â€œto move the tree homeâ€. LEDs are just a cluster of grasses that have unexpectedly grown in the South China Sea. They have never been hoped for before, whether in the era of â€œinactionâ€ or â€œhands-onâ€ by the government. In the history of industrial development in the South China Sea, the government is known for its â€œdoing nothingâ€. In the ranking of the top 100 counties that were popular in the 1990s, the South China Sea is always in the forefront, and the â€œSouth China Sea Modelâ€ has always been a model for learning from all over the world. Some commentators believe that it was because of the inaction of the South China Sea government that it created the glory of the grassroots economy in the South China Sea for 30 years. However, after entering the year 2000, this situation began to undergo subtle changes. The catch-up of Kunshan, Zhangjiagang and Xiaoshan made the South China Sea feel pressure. In 2003, Nanhai slipped from the second place in the â€œTop 100 Countiesâ€ to the sixth place.
Criticism of the South China Sea has gradually concentrated on two sentences: only the stars, not the moon. Although there are a large number of enterprises and some competitive and characteristic industries have been formed, they lack a leading position. This is in stark contrast to Shunde, one of the â€œfour small tigers in Guangdongâ€, which was born like Galanz, Midea and Kelon. Rongsheng and a large number of well-known domestic enterprises. In 2003, Nanhai began to change the original practice of purely developing the private economy, entered the era of attracting investment, and fully promoted the strategy of attracting foreign investment. The politicians called it â€œto move the tree homeâ€. In order to change the image, in September 2003, the Shishan Sub-district Office of the South China Sea even opened the Pearl River Delta City First, and signed an agreement with the internationally renowned communication consultancy company, Ogilvy & Mather Group, to let the latter take charge of its regional image promotion and promote investment promotion. .
This is the birth of a 68-day signing of Chi Mei's story.
Chi Mei is a well-known LCD panel manufacturing giant in Taiwan. Around 2006, it plans to build a module factory in the mainland. An official from the Nanhai District Government revealed that in order to talk about this project, Nanhai has formed four working groups, each consisting of leaders from different functional departments, and the team leader is directly led by the district leaders. "In order to save time, we talked at the Hong Kong airport. We drove from the South China Sea. They flew from Kaohsiung. One time they talked at the airport for nearly 6 hours, then they took the last flight back." According to incomplete statistics, 2003 - In 2007, more than 20 projects were introduced to the South China Sea in the South China Sea. Among them, the auto parts industry led by Honda, the small household appliances led by Toshiba-TCl, and the LCD TV industry led by Chi Mei have become the three new pillar industries of the South China Sea, and are known as the new â€œTroikaâ€ of the South China Sea. ".
LEDs, not among the expected carriages, accidentally squeezed into the ranks of emerging industries.
Do the living room or do the toilet
Three years later, the "International IT City" became a trading market for copper and steel. This is the story of the emerging industry ten years ago. â€œItâ€™s like a house with a toilet, a living room and a study room. The success or failure of the South China Sea strategic choice is related to whether it is a living room or a toilet.â€ However, when the government is strong, it cannot What is forgotten is the old story of the emerging industry ten years ago. At that time, Nanhai was determined to build itself into the "first city of information technology in China." At that time, the Internet just entered China. Deng Yaohua, who served as secretary of the Nanhai District Party Committee since 1993, even released his words. "It is not my goal to be an official. IT is my ideal." Under his impetus, in 1995, Nanhai established a secretary and city. The informationization work committee of the long-awaited team is working hard to promote the construction of information highways.
In 2002, Nanhai International IT City, invested by Nanhai Xingda Enterprise Group, was born and knocked out the highest sound of Nanhai Informatization. On the opening day, the Nobel laureate in economics was invited to help. However, since then, the investment in international IT city has been quite unsatisfactory, and with the bursting of the Internet bubble, IT City has disappeared from all mass media just as people have evaporated. Three years later, the IT city, which is known as the â€œInternationalâ€, has become a copper and steel trading market. Soon after, the South China Sea government changed its term, and â€œinformatizationâ€ gradually withdrew.
At that time, the focus of work has clearly shifted to attracting investment, and it is increasingly evident that there is also a strong government plan. In 2003, the Nanhai District Government proposed two strategies: â€œtwo-wheel driveâ€ and â€œeast-west plateâ€. The former refers to the development of domestic and foreign capital; the latter is dubbed by local people as â€œEast Chengxiâ€ â€“ the development of the eastern (near Guangzhou) Urban industries such as financial services and modern logistics, and emerging industries in the west. Fortunately, today's South China Sea officials are still awake. Taking the LED industry as an example, Chen Jianbin, deputy director of the Nanhai District Science and Technology Information Bureau, admitted that it is still difficult to say that â€œXurui (chip company) can solve some problems, but the product support for SMEs is still very limited. Big technology research."
The lag of national policies has also brought trouble to the new industry.
Since the country is still subsidizing energy-saving lamps, the more energy-saving LED lamps have neither subsidies nor industry standards, which greatly suppresses the market demand for LEDs. Some energy-saving lamps that are still making money are not willing to withdraw from the market, leading to enterprise transformation. Lack of motivation. Chen said, "This requires the state to guide the policy." However, local governments that have grown stronger after years of opening up have begun to revise their central policies based on local conditions. Nanhai has set up a green lighting fund of 1 billion to 2 billion yuan to set its own subsidy standards for the LED industry.
Nanhai hopes that such a shot will help itself to take the lead in the new round of economic competition, because they have already realized the tremendous pressure that the development lag will bring. The current Nanhai District Changzhou Bangmin publicly stated on different occasions that the regional economic integration may bring opportunities to the South China Sea, but it is more likely to be a challenge. â€œThe former city is like a fish pond, and the pond is like an administrative barrier between cities. Now The pond base is to be broken, and the water naturally flows down."
He made an analogy. "It is like a house with a toilet, a living room and a study. The success or failure of the South China Sea strategic choice is related to whether it is a living room or a toilet." (Editor: Cheng Xiang)
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